Lab Publications

245 items

Highlight: Journal Titles Publication Year
Callahan, Michael K., Rains, Mark C., Bellino, Jason C., Walker, Coowe M., Baird, Steven J., Whigham, Dennis F. and King, Ryan S. 2014. Controls on Temperature in Salmonid-Bearing Headwater Streams in Two Common Hydrogeologic Settings, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, doi:10.1111/jawr.12235

Hazelton, Eric L. G., Mozdzer, Thomas J., Burdick, David, Kettenring, Karin M. and Whigham, Dennis. 2014. Phragmites australis Management in the United States: 40 years of methods and outcomes. AoB Plants, doi:10.1093/aobpla/plu001

Ma, Yini, Filley, Timothy R., Szlavecz, Katalin and McCormick, Melissa K. 2014. Controls on wood and leaf litter incorporation into soil fractions in forests at different successional stages. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 69: 212-222. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.10.043

McCormick, Melissa K. and Jacquemyn, Hans. 2014. What constrains the distribution of orchid populations?. New Phytologist, 202(2): 392-400. doi:10.1111/nph.12639

Verhoeven, Jos T. A., Laanbroek, Hendrikus J., Rains, Mark C. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2014. Effects of increased summer flooding on nitrogen dynamics in impounded mangroves. Journal of Environmental Management, 139: 217-226. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.02.035

Cipollini, Martin L., Culberson, Joshua, Whigham, Dennis, Johnson, Kartee, Knight, Troy and O'Neill, Jay. 2013. Spatial and temporal patterns of sexual dimorphism and sex ratio in Lindera benzoin L. (Lauraceae). The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 40(3): 280-299. doi:10.3159/TORREY-D-13-00013.1

Cipollini, Martin L., Whigham, Dennis and O'Neill, Jay. 2013. Seed size, sexual dimorphism and sex ratio in Lindera benzoin L. (Lauraceae). The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 40(3) doi:10.3159/TORREY-D-13-00014.1

Dickinson, M. B. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2013. Competition among surface roots in a selectively-logged, semi-deciduous forest in southeastern Mexico -- effects on seedlings of two species of contrasting shade tolerance. Caribbean Journal of Science, 47(2-3): 140-152.

Krupnick, Gary A., McCormick, Melissa K., Mirenda, Thomas and Whigham, Dennis F. 2013. The Status and Future of Orchid Conservation in North America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 99(2): 180-198. doi:10.3417/2011108

Laanbroek, Hendrikus J., Keijzer, Rosalinde M., Verhoeven, Jos T. A. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2013. Changes in community composition of ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria from stands of Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) in response to ammonia enrichment and more oxic conditions. Frontiers in Microbiology, 4(343) doi:10.3389/fmicb.2013.00343

Ma, Yini, Filley, Timothy R., Johnston, Cliff T., Crow, Susan E., Szlavecz, Katalin and McCormick, Melissa K. 2013. The combined controls of land use legacy and earthworm activity on soil organic matter chemistry and particle association during afforestation. Organic Geochemistry, 58: 56-68. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2013.02.010

McCormick, Melissa K., Parker, Kenneth L., Szlavecz, Katalin and Whigham, Dennis F. 2013. Native and exotic earthworms affect orchid seed loss. AoB Plants, 5 doi:10.1093/aobpla/plt018

Swarth, Christopher W., Delgado, Patricia and Whigham, Dennis F. 2013. Vegetation Dynamics in a Tidal Freshwater Wetland: A Long-Term Study at Differing Scales. Estuaries and Coasts, 36(3): 59-574. doi:10.1007/s12237-012-9568-x

Szlavecz, Katalin, Pitz, Scott L., Bernard, Michael J., Xia, Lijun, O'Neill, John P., Chang, Chih-Han, McCormick, Melissa K. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2013. Manipulating earthworm abundance using electroshocking in deciduous forests. Pedobiologia, 56(1): 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.pedobi.2012.08.008

Baldwin, Andrew H., Kangas, Patrick J., Megonigal, J. Patrick, Perry, Matthew C. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2012. Coastal Wetlands of Chesapeake Bay. In: Batzer, Darold P. and Baldwin, Andrew H., Wetland Habitats of North America: Ecology and Conservation Concerns. University of California Press, pp.29-43.

Dekar, Matthew P., King, Ryan S., Back, Jeffrey A., Whigham, Dennis F. and Walker, Coowe M. 2012. Allochthonous inputs from grass-dominated wetlands support juvenile salmonids in headwater streams: evidence from stable isotopes of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Freshwater Science, 31(1): 121-132. doi:10.1899/11-016.1

Ikegami, Makihiko, Whigham, Dennis F. and Werger, Marinus J. A. 2012. Effects of local density of clonal plants on their sexual and vegetative propagation strategies in a lattice structure model. Ecological Modelling, 234: 51-59. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.03.026

King, Ryan S., Walker, Coowe M., Whigham, Dennis F., Baird, Steven J. and Back, Jeffrey A. 2012. Catchment topography and wetland geomorphology drive macroinvertebrate community structure and juvenile salmonid distributions in south-central Alaska headwater streams. Freshwater Science, 31(2): 341-364. doi:10.1899/11-109.1

Laanbroek, Hendrikus J., Keijzer, Rosalinde M., Verhoeven, Jos T. A. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2012. The effect of hydrology on the distribution of ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria in impounded black mangroves (Avicennia germinans). Frontiers in Microbiology, 3 doi:10.3389/fmicb.2012.00153

McCormick, M. K. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2012. Using the complexities of orchid life histories to target conservation efforts. The Native Orchid Conference Journal, 9(4): 14-23.

McCormick, Melissa K., Lee Taylor, D., Juhaszova, Katarina, Burnett, Robert K., Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, John P. 2012. Limitations on orchid recruitment: not a simple picture. Molecular Ecology, 21(6): 1511-1523. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05468.x

Meyerson, L. A., Lambertini, C., McCormick, M. K. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2012. Hybridization of common reed in North America? The answer is blowing in the wind. AoB Plants, 2012: pls022 doi:10.1093/aobpla/pls022

Tulbure, Mirela G., Ghioca-Robrecht, Dana M., Johnston, Carol A. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2012. Inventory and ventilation efficiency of nonnative and native Phragmites australis (Common Reed) in tidal wetlands of the Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries and Coasts, 35(5): 1353-1359. doi:10.1007/s12237-012-9529-4

Walker, Coowe M., King, Ryan S., Whigham, Dennis F. and Baird, Steven J. 2012. Landscape and Wetland Influences on Headwater Stream Chemistry in the Kenai Lowlands, Alaska. Wetlands, 32(2): 301-310. doi:10.1007/s13157-011-0260-x

Whigham, Dennis F. 2012. Conserving our native orchid heritage: The what, how and when behind the North American Orchid Conservation Center. The Native Orchid Conference Journal, 9(4): 24-31.

Whigham, Dennis F., Walker, Coowe M., King, Ryan S. and Baird, Steven J. 2012. Multiple Scales of Influence on Wetland Vegetation Associated with Headwater Streams in Alaska, USA. Wetlands, 32(3): 411-422. doi:10.1007/s13157-012-0274-z

Brooks, Robert P., Brinson, Mark M., Havens, Kirk J., Hershner, Carl S., Rheinhardt, Richard D., Wardrop, Denice H., Whigham, Dennis F., Jacobs, Amy D. and Rubbo, Jennifer M. 2011. Proposed Hydrogeomorphic Classification for Wetlands of the Mid-Atlantic Region, USA. Wetlands, 31(2): 207-219. doi:10.1007/s13157-011-0158-7

Gorchov, David L., Thompson, Emily, O'Neill, Jay, Whigham, Dennis F. and Noe, Douglas A. 2011. Treefall gaps required for establishment, but not survival, of invasive Rubus phoenicolasius in deciduous forest, Maryland, USA. Plant Species Biology, 26(3): 221-234. doi:10.1111/j.1442-1984.2011.00317.x

Innis, Anne F., Forseth, Irwin N., Whigham, Dennis F. and McCormick, Melissa K. 2011. Genetic diversity in the invasive Rubus phoenicolasius as compared to the native Rubus argutus using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Biological Invasions, 13(8): 1735-1738. doi:10.1007/s10530-011-0012-0

Kettenring, Karin M., McCormick, Melissa K., Baron, Heather M. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2011. Mechanisms of Phragmites australis invasion: feedbacks among genetic diversity, nutrients, and sexual reproduction. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48(5): 1305-1313. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02024.x

Shefferson, Richard P., McCormick, Melissa K., Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, John P. 2011. Life history strategy in herbaceous perennials: inferring demographic patterns from the aboveground dynamics of a primarily subterranean, myco-heterotrophic orchid. Oikos, 129(9): 1291-1300. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19130.x

Szlavecz, Katalin, McCormick, Melissa K., Xia, Lijun, Saunders, Jaclyn, Morcol, Taylan, Whigham, Dennis F., Filley, Timothy and Csuzdi, Csaba. 2011. Ecosystem effects of non-native earthworms in Mid-Atlantic deciduous forests. Biological Invasions, 13(5): 1165-1182. doi:10.1007/s10530-011-9959-0

Baldwin, Andrew H., Kettenring, Karin M. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2010. Seed banks of Phragmites australis-dominated brackish wetlands: Relationships to seed viability, inundation, and land cover. Aquatic Botany, 93(3): 163-169. doi:10.1016/j.aquabot.2010.06.001

Kettenring, Karin M., McCormick, Melissa K., Baron, Heather M. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2010. Phragmites australis (Common Reed) Invasion in the Rhode River Subestuary of the Chesapeake Bay: Disentangling the Effects of Foliar Nutrients, Genetic Diversity, Patch Size, and Seed Viability. Estuaries and Coasts, 33(1): 118-126. doi:10.1007/s12237-009-9241-1

McCormick, Melissa K., Kettenring, Karin M., Baron, H. M. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2010. Spread of invasive Phragmites australis in estuaries with differing degrees of development: genetic patterns, Allee effects and interpretation. Journal of Ecology, 98(6): 1369-1378. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01712.x

McCormick, Melissa K., Kettenring, Karin M., Baron, Heather M. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2010. Extent and Reproductive Mechanisms of Phragmites australis Spread in Brackish Wetlands in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland (USA). Wetlands, 30(1): 67-74. doi:10.1007/s13157-009-0007-0

Shefferson, Richard P., Cowden, Charles C., McCormick, Melissa K., Yukawa, Tomohisa, Ogura-Tsujita, Yuki and Hashimoto, Toshimasa. 2010. Evolution of host breadth in broad interactions: mycorrhizal specificity in East Asian and North American rattlesnake plantains (Goodyera spp.) and their fungal hosts. Molecular Ecology, 19(14): 3008-3017. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04693.x

Stringer, Christina E., Rains, Mark C., Kruse, Sarah and Whigham, Dennis F. 2010. Controls on Water Levels and Salinity in a Barrier Island Mangrove, Indian River Lagoon, Florida. Wetlands, 30(4): 725-734. doi:10.1007/s13157-010-0072-4

Whigham, Dennis F., Kettenring, Karin M., McCormick, Melissa K. and Baron, Heather. 2010. The invasion of common reed (Phragmites australis) in Chesapeake Bay (USA). Australian Plant Conservation, 18(4): 17-18.

Barendregt, Aat, Whigham, Dennis F. and Baldwin, Andrew H. (eds.) 2009. Tidal Freshwater Wetlands Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers.

Baldwin, Andrew H., Barendregt, Aat and Whigham, Dennis F. 2009. Tidal freshwater wetlands, an introduction to the ecosystem. In: Barendregt, Aat, Whigham, Dennis F. and Baldwin, Andrew H., Tidal Freshwater Wetlands. Leiden and Weikersheim: Backhuys Publishers, pp.1-10.

Crow, Susan E., Filley, Timothy R., McCormick, Melissa K., Szlavecz, Katalin, Stott, Diane E., Gamblin, David and Conyers, Grace. 2009. Earthworms, stand age, and species composition interact to influence particulate organic matter chemistry during forest succession. Biogeochemistry, 92(1-2): 61-82. doi:10.1007/s10533-008-9260-1

Ikegami, Makihiko, Whigham, Dennis F. and Werger, Marinus J. A. 2009. Ramet phenology and clonal architectures of the clonal sedge Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.) Volk. ex Schinz & R. Keller. Plant Ecology, 200(2): 287-301. doi:10.1007/s11258-008-9453-7

Kettenring, Karin M. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2009. Seed viability and seed dormancy of non-native Phragmites australis in suburbanized and forested watersheds of the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Aquatic Botany, 91(3): 199-204. doi:10.1016/j.aquabot.2009.06.002

Leck, Mary A., Baldwin, Andrew H., Parker, V. Thomas, Schile, Lisa and Whigham, Dennis F. 2009. Plant communities of tidal freshwater wetlands of the continental USA and Canada. In: Barendregt, Aat, Whigham, Dennis F. and Baldwin, Andrew H., Tidal Freshwater Wetlands. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, pp.41-58.

McCormick, Melissa K., Whigham, Dennis F., O'Neill, John P., Becker, Janie J., Werner, Sarah, Rasmussen, Hanne N., Bruns, Thomas D. and Taylor, D. Lee. 2009. Abundance and distribution of Corallorhiza odontorhiza reflect variations in climate and ectomycorrhizae. Ecological Monographs, 79(4): 619-635. doi:10.1890/08-0729.1

Rheinhardt, Richard D., McKenny-Easterling, M., Brinson, Mark M., Masina-Rubbo, J., Brooks, Robert P., Whigham, Dennis F., O'Brien, David, Hite, Jeremy T. and Armstrong, Brian K. 2009. Canopy composition and forest structure provide restoration targets for low-order riparian ecosystems. Restoration Ecology, 17(1): 51-59. doi:10.1111/j.1526-100X.2007.00333.x

Walker, C., King, R., Rains, M. C., Whigham, D. F., Baird, S. and Bellino, J. 2009. Headwater Stream Wetland Settings and Shallow Ground Water Influence: Relationships to Juvenile Salmon Habitat on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Final Report Homer, AK: U.S. EPA Region 10, Wetlands Program. 65 pages.

Whigham, D. 2009. Global Distribution, Diversity and Human Alteration of Wetland Resources. In: Maltby, E. and Barker, T., The Wetlands Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, pp.43-64.

Whigham, Dennis F. 2009. Primary production in tidal freshwater wetlands. In: Barendregt, Aat, Whigham, Dennis F. and Baldwin, Andrew H., Tidal Freshwater Wetlands. Leiden: Margraf and Backhuys Publishers, pp.115-121.

Whigham, Dennis F., Baldwin, Andrew H. and Barendregt, Aat. 2009. Tidal freshwater wetlands. In: Perillo Gerardo, M. E., Wolanski, E., Cahoon, Donald R. and Brinson, Mark M., Coastal wetlands: an integrated ecosystem approach. Elsevier Science, pp.515-533.

Whigham, Dennis F., Baldwin, Andrew H. and Swarth, Chris. 2009. Conservation of tidal freshwater wetlands in North America. In: Barendregt, Aat, Whigham, Dennis F. and Baldwin, Andrew H., Tidal Freshwater Wetlands. Leiden: Margraf and Backhuys Publishers, pp.233-240.

Whigham, Dennis F., Barendregt, Aat and Baldwin, Andrew H. 2009. Synthesis and perspectives for the future. In: Barendregt, Aat, Whigham, Dennis F. and Baldwin, Andrew H., Tidal Freshwater Wetlands. Leiden: Margraf and Backhuys Publishers, pp.267-270.

Whigham, Dennis F., Verhoeven, Jos T. A., Samarkin, Vladimir and Megonigal, J. Patrick. 2009. Responses of Avicennia germinans (Black Mangrove) and the Soil Microbial Community to Nitrogen Addition in a Hypersaline Wetland. Estuaries and Coasts, 32(5): 926-936. doi:10.1007/s12237-009-9184-6

Whigham, Dennis F., Whigham, Michael C., Feller, Ilka C., Rodriguez, Wilfred and King, Ryan S. 2009. Ecological characteristics of Batis maritima in Florida and Belize. In: Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G. and Ruetzler, Klaus, Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium. pp.491-500.

Breitburg, Denise L., Hines, Anson H., Jordan, Thomas E., McCormick, Melissa K., Weller, Donald E. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2008. Landscape patterns, nutrient discharges, and biota of the Rhode River estuary and its watershed: Contribution of the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center to the Pilot Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Edgewater, Maryland: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. 87 pages.

Filley, T. R., McCormick, Melissa K., Crow, S. E., Szlavecz, K., Whigham, Dennis F., Johnston, C. T. and van den Heuvel, R. N. 2008. Comparison of the chemical alteration trajectory of Liriodendron tulipifera L. leaf litter among forests with different earthworm abundance. Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences, 113: G01027

Hosaka, N., Kachi, N., Kudoh, H., Stuefer, J. F. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2008. Patch structure and ramet demography of the clonal tree, Asimina triloba, under gap and closed-canopy. Plant Ecology, 197(2): 219-228. doi:10.1007/s11258-007-9372-z

Ikegami, Makihiko, van Hal, S., van Rheenen, J. W. A., Whigham, Dennis F. and Werger, M. J. A. 2008. Spatial division of labour of Schoenoplectus americanus. Plant Ecology, 199(1): 55-64. doi:10.1007/S11258-008-9411-4

Ikegami, Makihiko, Whigham, Dennis F. and Werger, M. J. A. 2008. Optimal biomass allocation in heterogeneous environments in a clonal plant - Spatial division of labor. Ecological Modelling, 213: 156-164.

Jacobs, A. D., Whigham, D. F., Rehm, E. and Howard, A. 2008. Delaware Comprehensive Assessment Procedure Version 5.1 Dover, DE: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control. 74 pages.

Kitamura, Keiko, Takasu, Hideki, Hagiwara, Shinsuke, Homma, Kohsuke, O'Neill, Jay, Whigham, Dennis F. and Kawano, Shoichi. 2008. Demographic genetics of American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) IV. Development of genetic variability and gene flow during succession in a coastal plain forest in Maryland. Plant Species Biology, 23(3): 159-173. doi:10.1111/j.1442-1984.2008.00228.x

Øien, D. I., O'Neill, John P., Whigham, Dennis F. and McCormick, Melissa K. 2008. Germination ecology of the boreal-alpine terrestrial orchid Dactylorhiza lapponica (Orchidaceae). Annales Botanici Fennici, 45(3): 161-172. doi:10.5735/085.045.0301

Taylor, D. L. and McCormick, Melissa K. 2008. Internal transcribed spacer primers and sequences for improved characterization of basidiomycetous orchid mycorrhizas. New Phytologist, 177: 1020-1033.

Whigham, Dennis F., McCormick, Melissa K. and O'Neill, John P. 2008. Specialized seedling strategies II: orchids, bromeliads, carnivorous plants and parasites. In: Leck, M. A., Parker, Thomas V. and Simpson, Robert L., Seedling ecology and evolution. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, pp.79-100.

Day, J. W.,Jr., Boesch, D. F., Clairain, E. J., Kemp, G. P., Laska, S. B. Mitsch W. J., Mashriqui, H., Reed, D. J., Shabman, L., Simenstad, C. A., Streever, B. J., Twilley, R. R., Watson, C. C., Wells, J. T. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2007. Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: Lessons from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Science, 315: 1679-1684.

Ikegami, Makihiko, Whigham, Dennis F. and Werger, M. J. A. 2007. Responses of rhizome length and ramet production to resource availability in the clonal sedge Scirpus olneyi A. Gray. Plant Ecology, 189: 247-259.

Jacobs, A. D., Whigham, Dennis F., Fillis, D., Rehm, E. and Howard A. 2007. Delaware Comprehensive Assessment Procedure Version 2.0 Dover, Delaware: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.

Jordan, Thomas E., Andrews, M. P., Szuch, R. P., Whigham, Dennis F., Weller, Donald E. and Jacobs, A. D. 2007. Comparing functional assessments of wetlands to measurements of soil characteristics and nitrogen processing. Wetlands, 27: 479-497. doi:10.1672/0277-5212(2007)27[479:CFAOWT]2.0.CO;2

King, Ryan S., DeLuca, W. V., Whigham, Dennis F. and Marra, Peter P. 2007. Threshold effects of coastal urbanization on Phragmites australis (common reed) abundance and foliar nitrogen in Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries and Coasts, 30: 469-481.

Shefferson, R. P., Taylor, D. L., Weiss, M., Garnica, S., McCormick, Melissa K., Adams, S., Gray, H. M., McFarland, J. W., Kull, T., Tali, K., Yukawa, T., Kawahara, T., Miyoshi, K. and Lee, Y. I. 2007. Evolutionary history of mycorrhizal specificity among lady's slipper orchids. Evolution, 61: 1380-1390.

Shimamura, R., Kachi, N., Kudoh, H. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2007. Hydrochory as a determinant of genetic distribution of seeds within Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae) populations. American Journal of Botany, 94: 1137-1145.

Tremblay, R. L., Bateman, A. P., Brown, A., Hachandourian, M., Hutchings, M. J., Kell, S., Koopowitz, H., Lehnebach, C. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2007. Density induced rates of pollinaria removal and deposition in the purple enamel orchid Elythranthera brunonis (Endl.)A.S. George. Lankesteriana, 7(1-2): 229-239.

Weller, Donald E., Snyder, M. N., Whigham, Dennis F., Jacobs, A. D. and Jordan, Thomas E. 2007. Landscape indicators of wetland condition in the Nanticoke River watershed, Maryland and Delaware, USA. Wetlands, 27: 498-514. doi:10.1672/0277-5212(2007)27[498:LIOWCI]2.0.CO;2

Whigham, Dennis F., Jacobs, A. D., Weller, Donald E., Jordan, Thomas E., Kentula, M. E., Jensen, S. F. and Stevens, D. L. 2007. Combining HGM and EMAP procedures to assess wetlands at the watershed scale - Status of flats and non-tidal riverine wetlands in the Nanticoke River watershed, Delaware and Maryland. Wetlands, 27: 462-478. doi:10.1672/0277-5212(2007)27[462:CHAEPT]2.0.CO;2

Verhoeven, J. T. A., Beltman, Boudwein, Bobbink, Roland and Whigham, Dennis F. (eds.) 2006. Wetlands and Natural Resource Management Berlin: Spring-Verlag. 347 pages.

Brooks, R. P., Wardrop, D. H., Thornton, K. W., Whigham, D. F., Hershner , C., Brinson, M. M. and Shortle, J. S. (eds.) 2006. Integration of ecological and socioeconomic indicators for estuaries and watersheds of the Atlantic Slope. Final Report to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency STAR Program, Agreement R-82868401 Washington, D.C.: 96 pages.

Bobbink, Roland, Beltman, Boudwein, Verhoeven, J. T. A. and Whigham, Dennis F. (eds.) 2006. Wetlands: Functioning, Biodiversity, Conservation, and Restoration Berlin: Spring-Verlag. 315 pages.

Barendregt, Aat, Whigham, Dennis F., Meire, Patrick, Baldwin, Andrew H. and Van Damme, Stephan. 2006. Wetlands in the tidal freshwater zone. In: Bobbink, Roland, Beltman, Boudwein, Verhoeven, J. T. A. and Whigham, Dennis F., Wetlands: Functioning, Biodiversity, Conservation, and Restoration. Berlin: Spring-Verlag, pp.117-148.

Bobbink, Roland, Whigham, Dennis F., Beltman, Boudwein and Verhoeven, J. T. A. 2006. Wetland functioning in relation to biodiversity, conservation and restoration. In: Wetlands: Functioning, Biodiversity, Conservation, and Restoration. Berlin: Spring-Verlag, pp.1-12.

Ikegami, Makihiko, Whigham, Dennis F. and Werger, Marinus J. A. 2006. Scirpus olneyi (Cyperaceae) shows phenotypical differentiation in a salt marsh on the east coast of the U.S.A. Polish Botanical Studies, 22: 241-249.

Kindlmann, P., Kull, T., Whigham, D. and Willems, J. 2006. Ecology and population dynamics of terrestrial orchids: An introduction. Folia Geobotanica, 41: 1-2.

Kudoh, H., Shimamura, R., Takayama, K. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2006. Consequences of hydrochory in Hibiscus. Plant Species Biology, 21: 127-133.

McCormick, Melissa K., Whigham, Dennis F., Sloan, D., O'Malley, K. and Hodkinson, B. 2006. Orchid-fungus fidelity: a marriage meant to last?. Ecology, 87: 903-911.

Whigham, Dennis F., King, Ryan, DeLuca, William, Marra, Peter P., Hines, Anson H., Gallegos, Charles L., Bilkovic, Donna Marie and Hershner, Carl. 2006. Message 2: The Estuarine segment approach. In: Brooks, R. P., Wardrop, D. H., Thornton, K. W., Whigham, D. F., Hershner, C., Brinson, M. M. and Shortle, J. S., Integration of ecological and socioeconomic indicators for estuaries and watersheds of the Atlantic Slope. Final Report to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency STAR Program, Agreement R-82868401. Washington, D.C.: pp.21-42.

Whigham, Dennis F., O'Neill, John P., Rasmussen, H. N., Caldwell, B. A. and McCormick, Melissa K. 2006. Seed longevity in terrestrial orchids - Potential for in situ seed banks. Conservation Biology, 129: 24-30.

Hosaka, N., Gomez, S. E., Kachi, N., Stuefer, J. F. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2005. The ecological significance of clonal growth in the understory tree, Pawpaw (Asimina triloba). Northeastern Naturalist, 12: 11-22.

King, Ryan S., Baker, M. E., Whigham, Dennis F., Jordan, Thomas E., Kazyak, P. F. and Hurd, M. K. 2005. Spatial considerations for linking watershed land cover to ecological indicators in streams. Ecological Applications, 15: 137-153.

Orth, K., Day, J. W., Boesch, D., Clairain, E. J., Mitsch, W. J., Shabman, L., Simenstad, C., Streever.B., Watson, C., Wells, J. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2005. Lessons learned: An assessment of the effectiveness of a National Technical Review Committee for oversight of the plan for the restoration of the Mississippi Delta. Ecological Engineering, 25: 153-167.

Shimamura, Ryouji, Kachi, Naoki, Kudoh, Hiroshi and Whigham, Dennis F. 2005. Visitation of a specialist pollen feeder Althaeus hibisci Olivier (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) to flowers of Hibiscus moscheutos L. (Malvaceae). Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club, 132: 197-203.

Day, J., Bosch, D., Mitsch, W., Orth, K., Shabman, L., Simenstad, C., Streever, W., Watson, C., Wells, J. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2004. Lessons learned by the National Technical Review Committee for the Louisiana Coastal Area Study Washington, D. C.: U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. 29 pages.

Huber, Heidrun, Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, Jay. 2004. Timing of disturbance changes the balance between growth and survival of parent and offspring ramets in the clonal forest understory herb Uvularia perfoliata. Evolutionary Ecology, 18(5-6): 521-539.

King, Ryan S., Beaman, J. R., Whigham, Dennis F., Hines, Anson H., Baker, M. E. and Weller, Donald E. 2004. Watershed land use is strongly linked to PCB's in white perch in Chesapeake Bay subestuaries. Environmental Science & Technology, 38: 6546-6552.

McCormick, Melissa K., Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, J. 2004. Mycorrhizal diversity in photosynthetic terrestrial orchids. New Phytologist, 163: 425-438.

Whigham, Dennis F. 2004. New tools measure Chesapeake Bay health Annapolis, MD: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development. 4 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F. 2004. Ecology of woodland herbs in temperate deciduous forests. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 35: 583-621.

Feller, Ilka C., McKee, Karen L., Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, John P. 2003. Nitrogen vs. phosphorus limitation across an ecotonal gradient in a mangrove forest. Biogeochemistry, 62(2): 145-175.

Feller, Ilka C., Whigham, Dennis F., McKee, Karen L. and Lovelock, Catherine E. 2003. Nitrogen limitation of growth and nutrient dynamics in a disturbed mangrove forest, Indian River Lagoon, Florida. Oecologia, 134: 405-414.

Jordan, Thomas E., Whigham, Dennis F., Hofmockel, Kirsten H. and Pittek, Mary A. 2003. Nutrient and sediment removal by a restored wetland receiving agricultural runoff. Journal of Environmental Quality, 32: 1534-1547.

Kitamura, K., Tatsuyoshi, M., Kudoh, H., O'Neill, J., Utech, F. H., Whigham, Dennis F. and Kawano, S. 2003. Demographic genetics of the American Beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) III. Genetic substructuring of Coastal Plain populations in Maryland. Plant Species Biology, 18: 13-34.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Jordan, Thomas E. 2003. Isolated wetlands and water quality. Wetlands, 23: 541-549.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Willems, J. H. 2003. Demographic studies and life-history strategies of temperate terrestrial orchids as a basis for conservation. In: Dixon, Kingsley W., Shelagh, P., Barrett, R. L. and Cribb, Philip, Orchid conservation. Kota Kinabaluk Sabah, Malaysia: Natural History Publications, pp.137-158.

Whigham, Dennis F., Olmsted, I., Cabrera Cano, E. and Curtis, A. B. 2003. Impacts of hurricanes on the forests of Quintana Roo, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. In: Allen, Mary E., Gomez-Pompa, A., Feddick, S. and Jimenez-Osimio, J. J., Lowland Maya area: three millennia at the human-wildland interface. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press, pp.193-213.

Whigham, Dennis F., Weller, Donald E., Jacobs, A. D., Jordan, Thomas E. and Kentula, M. E. 2003. Assessing the ecological condition of wetlands at the catchment scale. Landschap, 20: 99-112.

Kindlmann, P., Willems, J. H. and Whigham, Dennis F. (eds.) 2002. Trends and fluctuations and underlying mechanisms in terrestrial orchid populations Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. 254 pages.

Feller, I. C., Kudoh, H., Tanner, C. E. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2002. Sex-biased herbivory in Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) by a specialist thrips. In: Marullo, R. and Mound, L., Thrips and Tospoviruses: Proceeding of the 7th International Conference on Thysanoptera. Callabrio, Italy: Reggio, pp.163-172.

Rasmussen, H. N. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2002. Phenology of roots and mycorrhiza in five orchid species differing in phototrophic strategy. New Phytologist, 154: 797-807.

Whigham, Dennis F., O'Neill, J., McCormick, Melissa K., Smith, C., Rasmussen, H. R., Caldwell, B. and Daniell, T. 2002. Interactions between decomposing wood, mycorrhizas, and terrestrial orchid seeds and protocorms. In: Kindlmann, P., Willems, J. H. and Whigham, Dennis F., Trends and fluctuations and underlying mechanisms in terrestrial orchid populations. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, pp.117-131.

Whigham, Dennis F., Pittek, Mary, Hofmockel, Kirsten H., Jordan, Thomas E. and Pepin, Antoinette L. 2002. Biomass and nutrient dynamics in restored wetlands on the Outer Coastal Plain of Maryland, USA. Wetlands, 22: 562-574.

Dickinson, M. B., Hermann, S. M. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2001. Low rates of background canopy-gap disturbance in a seasonally-dry forest in the Yucatan Peninsula with a history of fires and hurricanes. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 17: 895-902.

Kitamura, K., Homma, H., Takasu, H., Hagiwara, S., Utech, F. H., Whigham, Dennis F. and Kawano, S. 2001. Demographic genetics of the American beech, Fagus grandifolia. II. Genet substructure of populations for the Blue Ridge, Piedmont, and the Great Smoky Mountains. Plant Species Biology, 16: 219-230.

Kudoh, H. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2001. A genetic analysis of hydrologically dispersed seeds of Hibiscus moscheutos (L). American Journal of Botany, 88: 588-593.

Verhoeven, J. T. A., Whigham, Dennis F., van Logtestijn, R. and O'Neill, J. 2001. A comparative study of nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in tidal and non-tidal riverine wetlands. Wetlands, 21(2): 210-222.

Wijesinghe, Dushyantha K. and Whigham, Dennis F. 2001. Nutrient foraging in woodland herbs: a comparison of three species of Uvularia (Liliaceae) with contrasting below-ground morphologies. American Journal of Botany, 88: 1071-1079.

Dickinson, M. B., Whigham, Dennis F. and Hermann, S. M. 2000. Tree regeneration in felling and natural treefall disturbances in a semideciduous tropical forest in Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management, 134(1): 137-151.

Rheinhardt, Richard, Whigham, Dennis F., Khan, Humaira and Brinson, Mark M. 2000. Vegetation of headwater wetlands in the inner coastal plain of Virginia and Maryland. Castanea, 65(1): 21-35.

Aerts, R., Verhoeven, J. T. A. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1999. Plant-mediated controls on nutrient cycling in temperate fens and bogs. Ecology, 80(7): 2170-2181.

Dickinson, Matthew B. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1999. Regeneration of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) in the Yucatan. International Forestry Review, 1: 35-39.

Feller, Ilka C., Whigham, Dennis F., O'Neill, John P. and McKee, Karen L. 1999. Effects of nutrient enrichment on within-stand cycling in a mangrove forest. Ecology, 80(7): 2193-2205.

Jordan, Thomas E., Whigham, Dennis F., Hofmockel, Kirsten and Gerber, Ned. 1999. Restored wetlands in crop fields control nutrient runoff. In: Vymazal, J., Nutrient cycling and retention in natural and constructed wetlands. Leiden, the Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, pp.49-60.

Kudoh, Hiroshi, Shibaike, Hiroyuki, Takasu, Hideki, Whigham, Dennis F. and Kawano, Shoichi. 1999. Genet structure and determinants of clonal structure in a temperate deciduous woodland herb, Uvularia perfoliata. Journal of Ecology, 87: 244-257.

Whigham, D. F., Jordan, T. E., Pepin, A. L., Pittek, M. A., Hofmockel, K. H. and Gerber, N. 1999. Nutrient retention and vegetation dynamics in restored freshwater wetlands on the Maryland coastal plan Edgewater, MD: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. 93 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1999. Linking ecosystems to landscape- A challenge for ecologists. Landschap, 16(1): 5-14.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1999. Ecological issues related to wetland preservation, restoration, creation and assessment. Science of the Total Environment, 240: 31-40.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Chapa, Anita S. 1999. Timing and intensity of herbivory: its influence on the performance of clonal woodland herbs. Plant Species Biology, 14: 29-37.

Whigham, Dennis F., Dickinson, Matthew B. and Brokaw, Nicholas V. L. 1999. Background canopy gap and catastrophic wind disturbances in tropical forests. In: Walker, Lawrence R., Ecosystems of disturbed ground. Amsterdam; New York: Elsevier, pp.223-252.

Whigham, Dennis F., Lee, Lyndon C., Brinson, Mark M., Rheinhardt, Richard D., Rains, Mark C., Mason, Jeffrey A., Kahn, Humaira, Ruhlman, Melanie B. and Nutter, Wade L. 1999. Hydrogeomorphic (HGM) assessment - a test of user consistency. Wetlands, 19(3): 560-569.

Whigham, Dennis F., Twilley, Robert R. and Feller, Ilka C. 1999. Within-stand nutrient cycling in wetland ecosystems. Ecology, 80: 2137-2138.

Whigham, Dennis F., Weller, Donald E. and Jordan, Thomas E. 1999. Nanticoke wetland assessment study Corvallis, OR: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Western Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory. (EPA/600/R-98/175; )

Brinson, Mark M., Smith, R. Daniel, Whigham, Dennis F., Lee, Lyndon C., Rheinhardt, Richard D. and Nutter, Wade L. 1998. Progress in development of the hydrogeomorphic approach for assessing the functioning of wetlands
. In: McComb, Arthur J. and Davis, J. A., Wetlands for the Future. Adelaide, Australia: Gleneagles Publishing, pp.393-405.

Hayashi, Kazuhiko, Yoshida, Seiji, Kato, Hidetoshi, Utech, Frederick H., Whigham, Dennis F. and Kawano, Shoichi. 1998. Molecular Systematics of the Genus Uvularia and Selected Liliales Based upon matK and rbcL Gene Sequence Data. Plant Species Biology, 13(2‐3): 129-146.

Hopkinson, C. S., Jr., Mulholland, P. J., Pomeroy L.R., Twilley, R. R. and Whigham D.F. 1998. Overview and Evaluation of Everglades Nutrient Threshold Research for the period October, 1996 to October, 1997 Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Environmental Protection. (External Panel Report to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection; ) 47 pages.

Kitamura, K., O'Neill , Jay, Whigham, D. F. and Kawano, S. 1998. Demographic Genetic Analyses of the American Beech (Fagus grandiflora Ehrh). Genetic Variations of Seed Populations in Maryland. Plant Species Biology, 13(2-3): 147-154.

Kudoh, Hiroshi and Whigham, Dennis F. 1998. Effect of petal size manipulation on pollinator/seed-predator mediated female reproductive success of Hibiscus moscheutos. Oecologia, 17: 70-79.

Rasmussen, Hanne N. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1998. Underground phase: a special challenge in studies of terrestrial orchid populations. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 126(1): 49-64.

Rasmussen, Hanne N. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1998. Importance of woody debris in seed germination of Tipularia discolor (Orchidaceae). American Journal of Botany, 85(6): 829-834.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Lynch, James F. 1998. Responses of plants and birds to hurricane disturbance in a dry tropical forest in Quintana Roo, Mexico. In: Dallmeier, Francisco and Comiskey, James A., Forest Biodiversity in North, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. New York: The Parthenon Publishing Group,(Man and The Biosphere Series) pp.165-186.

Whigham, Dennis F., Lynch, James F. and Dickinson, Matthew B. 1998. Dynamics and ecology of natural and managed forests in Quintana Roo, Mexico. In: Primack, Richard B., Galletti, H. A. and Ponciano, I., Timber, Tourists and Temples: Conservation and Development in the Maya Forest of Belize, Guatemala, and Mexico. Washington, DC: Island Press, pp.267-282.

Kudoh, Hiroshi and Whigham, Dennis F. 1997. Microgeographic genetic structure and gene flow in Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae) populations. American Journal of Botany, 84(9): 1285-1293.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1997. Ecosystem functions and ecosystem values. In: Simpson, R. D. and Christensen, Jr Norman, Ecosystem function & human activities: reconciling economics and ecology. New York: Chapman & Hall, pp.225-239.

Wijesinghe, Dushyantha K. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1997. Costs of producing clonal offspring and the effects of plant size on population dynamics of the woodland herb Uvularia perfoliata (Liliaceae). Journal of Ecology, 85: 907-919.

Brinson, Mark M., Hauer, F. Richard, Lee, Lyndon C., Nutter, Wade L., Rheinhardt, Richard D., Smith, R. Daniel and Whigham, Dennis F. 1995. A Guidebook for Application of Hydrogeomorphic Assessments to Riverine Wetlands Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station. 105 pages.

Dillenburg, Lucia R., Teramura, Alan H., Forseth, Irwin N. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1995. Photosynthetic and biomass allocation responses of Liquidambar styraciflua (Hamamelidaceae) to vine competition. American Journal of Botany, 82(4): 454-461.

Harmon, Mark E., Whigham, Dennis F., Sexton, Jay and Olmsted, Ingrid. 1995. Decomposition and mass of woody detritus in the dry tropical forests of the Northeastern Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Biotropica, 27(3): 305-316.

Lynch, J. F. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1995. The role of habitat disturbance in the ecology of overwintering migratory birds in the Yucatan Peninsula. In: Sader, S., Wilson, M. and Estrada, A., Conservation of Neotropical Migratory Birds in Mexico. Orono, ME: Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, pp.199-214.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1995. Role of wetlands, ponds, and shallow lakes in improving water quality. In: Steele, Kenneth, Animal Waste and the Land-Water Interface. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Lewis Publishers, pp.163-172.

Brinson, Mark M., Kruczynski, W., Lee, L. C., Nutter, W. L., Smith, R. D. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1994. Developing an approach for assessing the functions of wetlands. In: Mitsch, W. J., Global Wetlands: Old World and New. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, pp.615-624.

Cipollini, Martin L. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1994. Sexual dimorphism and cost of reproduction in the dioecious shrub Lindera benzoin (Lauraceae). American Journal of Botany, 81(1): 65-75.

Cipollini, Martin L., Wallace-Senft, D. A. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1994. A model of patch dynamics, seed dispersal and sex ratio in the dioecious shrub Lindera benzoin (Lauraceae). Journal of Ecology, 82: 621-633.

Verhoeven, Jos T. A., Whigham, Dennis F., van Kerkhoven, M., O'Neill, John J. and Maltby, E. 1994. Comparative study of nutrient-related processes in geographically separated wetlands: towards a science base for functional assessment procedures. In: Mitsch, W. J., Global Wetlands: Old World and New. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, pp.91-106.

Arp, Willem J., Drake, Bert G., Pockman, Will T., Curtis, Peter S. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1993. Interactions between C3 and C4 salt marsh plant species during four years of exposure to elevated atmospheric CO2. Vegetatio, 104/105: 133-143.

Cipollini, Martin L., Drake, Bert G. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1993. Effects of elevated CO2 on growth and carbon/nutrient balance in the deciduous woody shrub Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume (Lauraceae). Oecologia, 96: 339-346.

Cipollini, Martin L., Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, John. 1993. Population growth, structure, and seed dispersal in the understory herb Cynoglossum virginianum: a population and patch dynamics model. Plant Species Biology, 8: 117-129.

Dillenburg, Lucia R., Whigham, Dennis F., Teramura, A. H. and Forseth, I. N. 1993. Effects of vine competition on availability of light, water, and nitrogen to a tree host (Liquidambar styraciflua). American Journal of Botany, 80(3): 244-252.

Dillenburg, Lucia R., Whigham, Dennis F., Teramura, Aalan H. and Forseth, Irwin N. 1993. Effects of below- and aboveground competition from the vines Lonicera japonica and Parthenocissus quinquefolia on the growth of the tree host Liquidambar styraciflua. Oecologia, 93: 48-54.

Rasmussen, Hanne N. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1993. Seed ecology of dust seeds in situ: A new study technique and its application in terrestrial orchids. American Journal of Botany, 80(12): 1374-1378.

Whigham, Dennis F., O'Neill, John and Cipollini, Martin L. 1993. Role of tree gaps in maintaining the population structure of a woodland herb: Cynoglossum virginianum L. Plant Species Biology, 8: 107-115.

Whigham, Dennis F., Dykyjova, D. and Hejny, S. (eds.) 1992. Wetlands of the World. Vol. 1. Inventory, Ecology and Management Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Junk Publishers. 768 pages.

Spira, Timothy P., Snow, Allison, Whigham, Dennis F. and Leak, J. 1992. Flower visitation, pollen deposition and pollen competition in Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae). American Journal of Botany, 79(4): 428-433.

Takasu, Hideki, Kawano, Shoichi, Kato, Hidetoshi, Sato, Toshiyuki, Utech, Frederick H. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1992. Life history characteristics of Uvularia species. In: Kawano, S., Comparative Floristic and Ecological Studies on the Temperate Elements in North America. Report of the 1989-1991 North America Project. Kyoto, Japan: Monbusho International Scientific Research Program, pp.224-238.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L. 1992. Annual variation in biomass and production of a tidal freshwater wetland and comparison with other wetland systems. Virginia Journal of Science, 43(1): 5-14.

Zimmerman, Jess K. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1992. Ecological functions of carbohydrates stored in corms of Tipularia discolor (Orchidaceae). Functional Ecology, 6: 575-581.

de Kroon, Hans, Whigham, Dennis F. and Watson, Maxine A. 1991. Developmental ecology of mayapple: effects of rhizome severing, fertilization and timing of shoot senescence. Functional Ecology, 5: 360-368.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Cabrera Cano, E. 1991. Survival and growth beneath and near parents: The case of Myrcianthes fragrans (Myrtaceae). In: Esser, G. and Overdieck, D., Modern ecology: Basic and applied aspects. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp.61-76.

Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, John P. 1991. Dynamics of flowering and fruit production in two eastern North American terrestrial orchids, Tipularia discolor and Liparis lilifolia. In: Wells, T. C. E. and Willems, J. H., Population Ecology of Terrestrial Orchids. The Hague, The Netherlands: SPB Academic Publishers, pp.89-101.

Whigham, Dennis F., Olmsted, Ingrid, Cabrera Cano, Edgar and Harmon, Mark E. 1991. Impact of Hurricane Gilbert on trees, litterfall, and woody debris in a dry tropical forest in the northeastern Yucatan Peninsula. Biotropica, 23(4): 434-441.

Curtis, Peter S., Balduman, Lisa M., Drake, Bert G. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1990. Elevated atmospheric CO2 effects on belowground processes in C3 and C4 estuarine marsh communities. Ecology, 71: 2001-2006.

Drake, Bert G., Arp, Willem J., Balduman, Lisa, Cusimano, Renee, Dacey, John, D'Abundo, D., Hogan, Kevin P., Long, K., Pockman, William T., Utley, P., Villegas, A. C. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1990. Effects of Elevated CO2 on Chesapeake Bay Wetlands. V. Ecosystem and Whole Plant Responses, April - November 1989 Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy.

Drake, Bert G., Leadley, Paul W., Arp, Willem J., Curtis, Peter and Whigham, Dennis F.. 1990. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on C3 and C4 vegetation on Chesapeake Bay. Aarhus, Denmark: Botanical Institute.

Holland, M. J., Whigham, Dennis F. and Gopal, Brij. 1990. Characteristics of wetland ecotones. In: Naiman, R. J. and Decamps, H., The Ecology and Management of Aquatic-Terrestrial Ecotones. Canforoth, UK: The Parthenon Publishing Group,(Man and the Biosphere Series) pp.171-198.

Jordan, Thomas E., Whigham, Dennis F. and Correll, David L. 1990. Effects of nutrient and litter manipulations on the narrow leaved cattail, Typha angustifolia L. Aquatic Botany, 36: 179-191.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1990. Effect of experimental defoliation on the growth and reproduction of a woodland orchid - Tipularia discolor (Orchidaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany, 68: 1812-1816.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Brinson, Mark M. 1990. Wetland value impacts. In: Patten, B. C., Wetlands and Shallow Continental Water Bodies. The Hague, The Netherlands: SPB Academic Publishing, pp.401-421.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Nusser, S. 1990. Response of Distichlis spicata (L.) and Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl. to nitrogen fertilization in hydrologically altered wetlands. In: Whigham, Dennis F., Good, Ralph E. and Kvet, J., Wetland Ecology and Management: Case Studies. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp.31-38.

Whigham, Dennis F., Good, Ralph E. and Kvet, J. 1990. Wetland Ecology and Management: Case Studies. Tasks for Vegetation Science Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Publishers.

Whigham, Dennis F., Zugasty Towle, P., Cabrera Cano, E. F., O'Neill, John P. and Ley, Elizabeth. 1990. Effect of annual variation in precipitation on growth and litter production in a tropical dry forest in the Yucatan of Mexico. Tropical Ecology, 31(2): 23-34.

Curtis, Peter S., Drake, Bert G. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1989. Nitrogen and carbon dynamics in C3 and C4 estuarine marsh plants grown under elevated CO2 in situ. Oecologia, 78: 297-301.

Curtis, Peter S., Drake, Bert G., Leadley, Paul W., Arp, Willem J. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1989. Growth and senescence in plant communities exposed to elevated CO2 concentration on an estuarine marsh. Oecologia, 78: 20-26.

Drake, Bert G., Arp, Willem J., Balduman, Lisa, Curtis, Peter S., Johnson, J., Kabara, D., Leadley, Paul W., Pockman, William T., Seliskar, D., Sutton, Melonee L., Whigham, Dennis F. and Ziska, Lewis H. 1989. Effects of Elevated CO2 on Chesapeake Bay Wetlands. IV. Ecosystem and Whole Plant Responses, April - November 1988 Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy.

Jordan, Thomas E., Whigham, Dennis F. and Correll, David L. 1989. The role of litter in nutrient cycling in a brackish tidal marsh. Ecology, 70: 1906-1915.

Parker, Geoffrey G., O'Neill, John P. and Higman, Daniel. 1989. Vertical Profile and Canopy Organization in a Mixed Deciduous Forest. Vegetatio, 85(1): 1-11.

Snow, Alison A. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1989. Costs of flower and fruit production in Tipularia discolor (Orchidaceae). Ecology, 70: 1286-1293.

Whigham, Dennis F., Jordan, Thomas E. and Miklas, Joseph J. 1989. Biomass and resource allocation of Typha angustifolia: The effects of within and between year variations in salinity. Bulletin Torrey Botanical Club, 116: 364-370.

Whigham, Dennis F., Simpson, R. L., Good, Ralph E. and Sickels, F. A. 1989. Decomposition and nutrient-metal dynamics of litter in freshwater tidal wetlands. In: Sharitz, Rebecca R. and Gibbons, J. Whitfield, Freshwater Wetlands and Wildlife. Oak Ridge, TN: USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information,(U. S. Department of Energy Symposium Series) pp.167-187.

Drake, Bert G., Curtis, Peter S., Arp, Willem J., Leadley, Paul W., Johnson, J. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1988. Effects of Elevated CO2 on Chesapeake Bay Wetlands. III. Ecosystem and Whole Plant Responses in the First Year of Exposure, April-November 1987 Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy.

Jordan, Thomas E. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1988. Importance of standing dead shoots of the narrow leaved cattail, Typha angustifolia L. Aquatic Botany, 29: 319-328.

Leck, Mary A., Simpson, Robert L., Whigham, Dennis F. and Leck, Charles F. 1988. Plants of the Hamilton Marshes: A Delaware River freshwater tidal wetland. Bartonia, 54: 1-17.

Weiner, Jacob and Whigham, Dennis F. 1988. Size variability and self-thinning in wild rice (Zizania aquatica). American Journal of Botany, 75: 445-448.

Whigham, Dennis F. and O'Neill, John P. 1988. Importance of predation and small scale disturbance to two woodland herb species. In: Werger, M. J. A., van der Aart, P. J. M., During, H. J. and Verhoeven, J. T. A., Plant Form and Vegetation Structure: Adaptation, Plasticity and Relation to Herbivory. The Hague, The Netherlands: SPB Academic Publishers, pp.243-252.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Richardson, Curtis J. 1988. Soil and plant chemistry of an Atlantic White Cedar wetland on the Inner Coastal Plain of Maryland. Canadian Journal of Botany, 66: 568-576.

Whigham, Dennis F., Chitterling, Carin and Palmer, Bryan. 1988. Impacts of freshwater wetlands on water quality: A landscape perspective. Environmental Management, 12: 663-671.

Drake, Bert G., Arp, Willem J., Craig, J., Curtis, Peter S., Leadley, Paul S. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1987. Effects of Elevated CO2 on Chesapeake Bay Wetlands. II. Gas Exchange and Microenvironment in Open Top Chambers Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy. 97 pages.

Hull, James C. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1987. Vegetation patterns in six bogs and adjacent forested wetlands on the inner coastal plain of Maryland. In: Laderman, Aimlee D., Atlantic White Cedar Wetlands. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, pp.143-173.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1987. Summary. In: Laderman, A. D., Atlantic White Cedar Wetlands. Boulder, London: Westview Press, pp.381-382.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1987. Ecosystem processes and biogeographical considerations. In: Laderman, A. D., Atlantic White Cedar Wetlands. Boulder, London: Westview Press, pp.371-373.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1987. Water quality studies of six bogs on the inner coastal plain of Maryland. In: Laderman, A. D., Atlantic White Cedar Wetlands. Boulder, London: Westview Press, pp.85-90.

Drake, Bert G., Arp, Willem J., Curtis, Peter S., Leadley, Paul W., Sager, John and Whigham, Dennis F. 1986. Effects of Elevated CO2 on Chesapeake Bay Wetlands. I. Description of the Study Site Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy. (Report #034; ) 32 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F., Chitterling, Carin, Palmer, Bryan and O'Neill, John P. 1986. Modification of runoff from upland watersheds - the influence of a diverse riparian ecosystem. In: Correll, David L., Watershed Research Perspectives. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp.305-331.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1985. Vegetation in wetlands receiving sewage effluent: the importance of the seed bank. In: Godfrey, Paul J., Kaynor, Edward R., Pelczarski, Sarah and Benforado, John, Proceedings of the Conference on Ecological Considerations in Wetland Treatment of Municipal Wastewater. Van Nostrand, NY: pp.231-240.

Brinson, Mark M., Eilers, H. P., Klopatek, J. M., Nixon, Scot, Peters, D., Turner, R. E., Whigham, Dennis F. and Smith, R. D. 1984. Food chain panel. In: Sather, J. H. and Stuber, P. J. R., Proceedings of the National Wetlands Values Assessment Workshop. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Western Energy and Land Use Team, pp.42-57.

Lynch, James F. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1984. Effects of forest fragmentation on breeding bird communities in Maryland, USA. Biological Conservation, 28: 287-324.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1984. Effect of competition and nutrient availability on the growth and reproduction of Ipomoea hederacea in an abandoned old field. Journal of Ecology, 72: 721-730.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1984. Biomass and nutrient allocation in Tipularia discolor (Orchidaceae). Oikos, 42: 303-313.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1984. Influence of vines on the growth of Liquidambar styraciflua L (sweetgum). Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 14(1): 37-39.

Jordan, Thomas E., Correll, David L. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1983. Nutrient flux in the Rhode River: Tidal exchange of nutrients by brackish marshes. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 17: 651-667.

Simpson, Robert L., Good, Ralph E., Leck, M. A. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1983. Ecology of freshwater tidal wetlands. Bioscience, 33: 255-259.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1983. Wetlands of the world: The long wetland. The Geographical Magazine, May: 240-244.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1983. Structure and function of a freshwater tidal marsh ecosystem. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 15: 725-732.

Gopal, Brij, Turner, R. Eugene, Wetzel, Robert G. and Whigham, Dennis F. (eds.) 1982. Wetlands: Ecology and Management, Part II Jaipur, India: International Scientific Publications. 220 pages.

Gopal, Brij, Turner, R. Eugene, Wetzel, Robert G. and Whigham, Dennis F. (eds.) 1982. "Wetlands: Ecology and Management" Jaipur, India: International Scientific Publications. 514 pages.

Gopal, Brij, Turner, R. Eugene, Wetzel, Robert G. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1982. Introduction. In: Gopal, Brij, Turner, R. Eugene, Wetzel, Robert G. and Whigham, Dennis F., Wetlands: Ecology and Management. Jaipur, India: International Scientific Publications, pp.xi-xvi.

Higman, Daniel and Correll, David L. 1982. Seasonal and yearly variation in meteorological parameters at the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies. In: Correll, David L., Part I - Environmental Data Summary for the Rhode River Ecosystem. Edgewater, MD: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, pp.1-159.

Lynch, James F. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1982. Configuration of forest patches necessary to maintain bird and plant communities Annapolis, MD: MD Department of Natural Resources, Power Plant Siting Program. 88 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1982. Using freshwater wetlands for wastewater management in North America. In: Gopal, Brij, Turner, R. E., Wetzel, R. G. and Whigham, Dennis F., Wetlands: Ecology and Management. Jaipur, India: International Scientific Publications, pp.506-514.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L. 1982. Germination and dormancy studies of Pontederia cordata L. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 109(4): 524-528.

Whigham, Dennis F., O'Neill, John P. and McWethy, Margaret. 1982. Ecological implications of manipulating coastal wetlands for purposes of mosquito control. In: Gopal, Brij, Turner, R. E., Wetzel, R. G. and Whigham, Dennis F., Wetlands: Ecology and Management. Jaipur, India: International Scientific Publications, pp.459-476.

Whigham, Dennis F., O'Neill, John P. and McWethy, Margaret. 1982. Effect of Three Marsh Management Techniques on the Ecology of Irregularly Flooded Chesapeake Bay Wetlands. Vegetation and Water Quality Studies Annapolis, MD: Department of Natural Resources.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1981. An outside perspective on the Pocosins Conference and suggestions for future work. In: Richardson, C. J., Pocosin Wetlands. Stroudsburg, PA: Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co, pp.345-356.

Whigham, Dennis F. and McWethy, Margaret. 1980. Studies on the pollination ecology of Tipularia discolor (Orchidaceae). American Journal of Botany, 67(4): 550-555.

Whigham, Dennis F., Simpson, Robert L. and Lee, Kwak. 1980. The effect of sewage effluent on the structure and function of a freshwater tidal marsh ecosystem New Brunswick, NJ: Water Resources Research Institute, Rutgers University. 166 pages.

Simpson, Robert L., Whigham, Dennis F. and Brannigan, K. 1979. Mid-summer insect communities of freshwater tidal wetland macrophytes. Bulletin of the New Jersey Academy of Sciences, 24: 22-27.

Whigham, Dennis F., Simpson, Robert L. and Leck, M. A. 1979. Distribution of seeds, seedlings, and established plants of Arrow Arum (Peltandra virginica (L.) Kunth) in a freshwater tidal wetland. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 106(3): 193-199.

Good, Ralph E., Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L. (eds.) 1978. Freshwater wetlands: Ecological processes and management potential New York: Academic Press. 378 pages.

Niering, W., Darnell, R., Willard, D., Anderson, R., Bedford, B., Patten, B., Weller, M., Whigham, Dennis F. and Vernberg, J. 1978. Ecosystem diversity panel report. In: The National Wetlands Technical Council. Workshop report on research priorities for wetland ecosystem analysis. Washington, DC: National Wetlands Technical Council, pp.32-37.

Simpson, R. L. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1978. Effect of sewage effluent on the structure and function of a freshwater tidal marsh ecosystem. In: Annual Report Fiscal Year 1978, New Jersey Water Resources Research Institute. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, pp.49-55.

Simpson, Robert L., Whigham, Dennis F. and Walker, R. 1978. Nutrient movement in freshwater tidal wetlands with special reference to Delaware River wetlands. In: Good, Ralph E., Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L., Freshwater wetlands: Ecological process and management potential. New York: Academic Press, pp.243-258.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Bayley, Suzanne E. 1978. Nutrient dynamics in fresh water wetlands. In: Greeson, Phillip E., Clark, John R. and Clark, Judith E., Wetland functions and values: The state of our understanding. Minneapolis, MN: American Water Resources Research Association, pp.468-478.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, R. L. 1978. Nitrogen and phosphorus movement in a freshwater tidal wetland receiving sewage effluent. In: Coastal Zone 78: Symposium on Technical, Environmental, Socioeconomic, and Regulatory Aspects of Coastal Zone Management. San Francisco, CA: American Society of Civil Engineering,(Coastal Zone) pp.2189-2203.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L. 1978. Relationship between aboveground and belowground biomass of freshwater tidal wetland macrophytes. Aquatic Botany, 5: 355-364.

Whigham, Dennis F., McCormick, J., Good, Ralph E. and Simpson, Robert L. 1978. Biomass and primary production of freshwater tidal wetlands. In: Good, Ralph E., Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L., Freshwater wetlands: Ecological processes and management potential. NY: Academic Press, pp.3-20.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L. 1977. Growth, mortality, and biomass partitioning in freshwater tidal wetland populations of wild rice (Zizania aquatica var aquatica). Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 104(4): 347-351.

Whigham, Dennis F., Simpson, Robert L. and Lee, K. 1977. Effect of sewage effluent on the structure and function of a freshwater tidal marsh ecosystem. In: Annual report fiscal year 1977. New Brunswick, NJ: New Jersey Water Resources Research Institute, Rutgers University, pp.59-62.

West, D. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1976. Seed germination of arrow arum (Peltandra virginica). Bartonia, 44: 44-49.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L. 1976. Sewage spray irrigation in a Delaware River freshwater tidal marsh. In: Tilton, D., Kadlec, J. and Richardson, C. J., Freshwater Wetlands and Sewage Effluent Disposal. Ann Arbor, Michigan: School of Natural Resources. University of Michigan, pp.119-144.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, Robert L. 1976. The potential use of tidal marshes in the managementof water quality in the Delaware River. In: Tourbier, J. and Pierson, R., Jr., Biological Control of Water Pollution. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp.174-186.

Sharp, D., Lieth, H. and Whigham, Dennis F. 1975. Assessment of regional productivity in North Carolina. In: Lieth, H. and Whittaker, R. H., Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp.131-146.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Simpson, R. L. 1975. Ecological studies of the Hamilton Marshes. Progress report for the period June 1974 - January 1975 Lawrenceville, NJ: Rider College, Biology Department. 185 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1974. Preliminary ecological studies of a freshwater tidal marsh along the Delaware River Lawrenceville, NJ: Rider College, Biology Department. 66 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1974. An ecological life history study of Uvularia perfoliata. American Midland Naturalist, 91: 343-359.

Higman, Daniel. 1972. Emergent vascular plants of Chesapeake Bay wetlands. Chesapeake Science, 13: 89-93.

Wells, C., Whigham, Dennis F. and Lieth, H. 1972. Investigation of nutrient mineral cycling in an upland Piedmont forest. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Science Society, 88: 66-78.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Lieth, H. 1971. North Carolina productivity profile - 1971 Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (Deciduous Forest Biome memo report #71-10; ) 142 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F. and Lieth, H. 1971. Contribution from the Triangle Site - Deciduous Forest Biome: Vegetation analysis and microclimatic studies Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (Deciduous Forest Biome memo report #71-10; ) 70 pages.

Whigham, Dennis F. 1969. Vegetation patterns on the north slopes of Bluff Mountain, Ashe County, North Carolina. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Science Society, 85: 1-15.

Higman, Daniel. 1968. "An Ecologically annotated checklist of the vascular flora at the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology, with keys" Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. 234 pages.