Lab Publications

70 items

Highlight: Journal Titles Publication Year
Janiak, Dean S., Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2013. The role of species richness and spatial resources in the invasion success of the colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002 in eastern Long Island Sound. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 443: 12-20. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2013.02.030

Janiak, Dean S. and Osman, Richard W. 2012. Experimental Effects of the Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, on Hard-Substrate Communities in Chesapeake Bay and an Adjacent Coastal Bay, USA. Estuaries and Coasts, 35(4): 1128-1136. doi:10.1007/s12237-012-9486-y

Karlson, Ronald H. and Osman, Richard W. 2012. Species composition and geographic distribution of invertebrates in fouling communities along the east coast of the USA: a regional perspective. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 458: 255-268. doi:10.3354/meps09767

Reinhardt, James F., Osman, Richard W. and Whitlach, Robert B. 2012. A Phenological Mid-Domain Analysis of Non-Native and Native Species Recruitment Richness. Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, 2(4) doi:10.4172/2157-7625.1000118

Freestone, Amy L. and Osman, Richard W. 2011. Latitudinal variation in local interactions and regional enrichment shape patterns of marine community diversity. Ecology, 92(1): 208-217. doi:10.1890/09-1841.1

Freestone, Amy L., Osman, Richard W., Ruiz, Gregory M. and Torchin, Mark E. 2011. Stronger predation in the tropics shapes species richness patterns in marine communities. Ecology, 92(4): 983-993. doi:10.1890/09-2379.1

Munguia, Pablo, Hamilton, J., Osman, Richard W., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Zajac, R. N. 2011. Clarification of model parameters: Reply to Lauzon-Guay & Lyons (2011). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 432: 302 doi:10.3354/meps09245

Munguia, Pablo, Osman, Richard W., Hamilton, John, Whitlatch, Robert B. and Zajac, Roman. 2011. Changes in habitat heterogeneity alter marine sessile benthic communities. Ecological Applications, 21(3): 925-935. doi:10.1890/09-2398.1

Munguia, Pablo, Osman, Richard W., Hamilton, John, Whitlatch, Robert B. and Zajac, Roman N. 2010. Modeling of priority effects and species dominance in Long Island Sound benthic communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 413: 229-240. doi:10.3354/meps08764

Osman, Richard W., Munguia, Pablo and Zajac, Roman N. 2010. Ecological thresholds in marine communities: theory, experiments and management. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 413: 185-187. doi:10.3354/meps08765

Osman, Richard W., Munguia, Pablo, Whitlatch, Robert B., Zajac, Roman N. and Hamilton, John. 2010. Thresholds and multiple community states in marine fouling communities: integrating natural history with management strategies. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 413: 277-289. doi:10.3354/meps08673

Berke, Sarah K., Cruz, Veronica and Osman, Richard W. 2009. Sublethal Predation and Regeneration in Two Onuphid Polychaetes: Patterns and Implications. Biological Bulletin, 217(3): 242-252.

Freestone, Amy L., Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2009. Latitudinal Gradients in Recruitment and Community Dynamics in Marine Epifaunal Communities: Implications for Invasion Success. In: Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G. and Rützler, Klaus, Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press,(Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences) pp.247-258.

Mercer, Jeffery M., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 2009. Potential effects of the invasive colonial ascidian (Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002) on pebble-cobble bottom habitats in Long Island Sound, USA. Aquatic Invasions, 4(1): 133-142. doi:10.3391/ai.2009.4.1.14

Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 2009. Post-settlement predation on ascidian recruits: predator responses to changing prey density. Aquatic Invasions, 4(1): 121-131. doi:10.3391/ai. 2009.4.1.13

Osman, Richard W. 2008. Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis. In: Encyclopedia of Ecology. Oxford: Elsevier,(Encyclopedia of Ecology) pp.1986-1994.

Bullard, S. G., Shumway, S. E., Whitlatch, R. B. and Osman, Richard. 2007. Effects of the colonial ascidian Didemnum sp a on cultured scallops with a comparison to other bivalves. Journal of Shellfish Research, 26(4): 1296-1297.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2007. Variation in the ability of Didemnum sp. to invade established communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 342(1): 40-53. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2006.10.013

McCarthy, A., Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2006. Effects of temperature on growth rates of colonil ascidians: A comparison of Didemnum sp to Botryllus schlosseri and Botrylloides violaceus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 342: 172-174.

Bullard, S. G., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 2004. Checking the landing zone: do invertebrate larvae avoid settling near superior competitors?. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 280: 239-247.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2004. Control of the development of a marine benthic community by predation on recrits. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 311: 117-145.

Breitburg, Denise L., Bartell, S. M., Brandt, S. B., Bundy, M. H., Gilmour, G. G., Jordan, Thomas E., Lipton, D. L., Magnien, R. E., McManus, G., Osman, Richard W., Riedel, Gerhardt, Sellner, Kevin G., Sanders, J. G., Seitzinger, S. and Weller, Donald E.. 2003. "Importance of understanding ecological complexity to predicting effects of multiple stressors on coastal systems (COASTES Project). Final Report". NA66RG0129 and NA96RG0032. St. Leonard, MD: Academy of Natural Sciences Estuarine Research Center,

Laursen, A. E., Seitzinger, S. P., Dekorsey, R., Sanders, J. G., Breitburg, Denise L. and Osman, Richard W. 2002. Multiple stressors in an estuarine system: Effects of nutrients, trace elements, and trophic complexity on benthic photosynthesis and respiration. Estuaries, 25(1): 57-69. doi:10.1007/BF02696049

Laursen, A. E., Seitzinger, S. P., Dekorsey, R., Sanders, J. G., Breitburg, Denise L. and Osman, Richard W. 2002. Multiple stressors in an estuarine system: Effects of nutrients, trace elements, and trophic complexity on benthic photosynthesis and respiration. Estuaries and Coasts, 25(1): 57-69.

Stachowicz, J. J., Fried, H., Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2002. Biodiversity, Invasion Resistance, and Marine Ecosystem Function: Reconciling Pattern and Process. Ecology, 83(9): 2575-2590.

Stachowicz, J. J., Terwin, J. R., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 2002. Linking climate change and biological invasions: Ocean warming facilitates nonindigenous species invasions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(24): 15497-15500.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2000. Ecological interactions of invading ascidians within epifaunal communities of southern New England. In: Pederson, Judith, Marine Bioinvasions : proceedings of a conference, January 24-27, 1999. MIT Sea Grant College Program, MIT SG Center for Coastal Resources, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,(MIT Sea Grant College Program report ;; no. MITSG 00-2.) pp.164-174.

Breitburg, Denise L., Sanders, J. G., Gilmour, Cynthia C., Hatfield, C. A., Osman, Richard W., Riedel, Gerhardt, Seitzinger, S. P. and Sellner, Kevin G. 1999. Variability in responses to nutrients and trace metals, and transmission of stressor effects through an estuarine food web. Limnology and Oceanography, 44: 837-863.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlach, Robert ?.. 1999. Processes controlling local and regional patterns of invertebrate colonization: Applications to the design of artificial oyster habitat. Gloucester Point, VA: Virginia Institute of Marine Science Press.

Riedel, Gerhardt, Sanders, J. G. and Osman, Richard W. 1999. Biogeochemical control on the flux of trace elements from estuarine sediments: Effects of seasonal and short-term Anoxia. Marine environmental research, 47: 349-372.

Stachowicz, J. J., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 1999. Species Diversity and Invasion Resistance in a Marine Ecosystem. Science, 286(5444): 1577

Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 1999. Oyster reefs as metapopulations: approaches for restoring and managing spatially fragmented habitats. In: Luckenbach, M. W., Mann, R. and Wesson, J. A., Oyster reef habitat restoration : a synopsis and synthesis of approaches; proceedings from the symposium, Williamsburg, Virginia, April 1995. Gloucester Point, Virginia: Virginia Institute of Marine Science Press, pp.199-211.

Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 1999. Geographical distributions and organism-habitat associations of shallow-water introduced marine fauna in New England. In: Marine Bioinvasions: Proceedings of the First National Conference, January 24-27, 1999. pp.61-65.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 1998. Local control of recruitment in an epifaunal community and the consequences to colonization processes. Hydrobiologia, 375/376: 113-123. doi:10.1023/A:1017000820646

Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 1998. A New Device for Studying Benthic Invertebrate Recruitment. Limnology and Oceanography, 43(3): 516-523.

Riedel, Gerhardt, Sanders, J. G. and Osman, Richard W. 1997. Biogeochemical control on the flux of trace elements from estuarine sediments: Water column oxygen and benthic infauna. Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 44: 23-38.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 1996. Processes affecting newly-settled juveniles and the consequences to subsequent community development. Invertebrate Reproduction & Development, 30(1-3): 217-225. doi:10.1080/07924259.1996.9672548

Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 1996. Approaches for oyster reef restoration in Long Island Sound: Understanding the relative importance of local and regional controls of population dynamics. In: Van Patten, M. S., Proceedings of Third Biennial Long Island Sound Research Conference. Groton, CT: Connecticut Sea Grant, pp.72-78.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 117: 111-126.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B.. 1995. Ecological factors controlling the successful invasion of three species of ascidians into marine subtidal habitats of New England. Cromwell, Connecticut: Connecticut Sea Grant College Program.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 1995. The influence of resident adults on recruitment: a comparison to settlement. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 190(2): 169-198.

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 1995. The influence of resident adults on larval settlement: experiments with four species of ascidians. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 190(2): 199-220.

Whitlatch, Robert B., Osman, Richard W., Frese, A., Malatesta, R., Mitchell, P. and Sedgwick, L. 1995. The ecology of two introduced marine ascidians and their effects on epifaunal organisms in Long Island Sound. In: Proceedings of the Northeast Conference on Non-Indgenous Aquatic Nuisance Species. Cromwell, Connecticut: 29-48, pp.

Osman, Richard W. 1994. Post-settlement factors affecting oyster recruitment in the Chesapeake Bay, USA Richard W. Osman & George R. Abbe Academy of Natural Sciences, Benedict Estnarine Research Center, 10545 Mackall Road, St. Leonard, MD 20685, USA. In: Changes in fluxes in estuaries: implications from science to management. pp.335-340.

Riedel, Gerhardt, Sanders, J. G. and Osman, Richard W. 1994. Influence of fluctuating oxygen on the flux of As, Cd, Cu and Mn from contaminated Chesapeake Bay sediments. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 75: 144

Sanders, J. G., Riedel, Gerhardt and Osman, Richard W. 1994. Arsenic cycling and impact in estuarine and coastal marine ecosystems. In: Nriagu, J., Advances in Environmental Science and Technology: Arsenic in the Environment. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons, pp.289-308.

Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 1994. A qualitative approach to managing shellfish populations: assessing the relative importance of trophic relationships between species. Journal of Shellfish Research, 13(1): 229-242.

Osman, Richard W., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Malatesta, Richard J. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine ecology progress series, 83(1): 35-43.

Osman, Richard W., Abbe, G. R. and Breitburg, Denise L. 1991. Reduction in oyster recruitment as a consequence of periodic exposure to low-oxygen water. In: Mihursky, J. A. and Chaney, A., New Perspectives in the Chesapeake System: A Research and Management Partnership. Solomons, MD: Chesapeake Research Consortium,(Chesapeake Research Consortium Publication) pp.193-200.

Osman, Richard W., Abbe, GR, Breitburg, Denise L., Mihursky, JA and Chaney, A.. 1991. Reduction in oyster recruitment as a consequence of periodic exposure to low oxygen water. .

Osman, Richard W., Whitlatch, Robert B., Malatesta, Richard J. and Zajac, Roman N. 1990. Ontogenetic changes in trophic relationships and their effects on recruitment. In: Bulletin of Marine Science. Oban, Scotland: Aberdeen University Press, pp.117-129.

Osman, Richard W., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Zajac, Roman N. 1989. Effects of resident species on recruitment into a community: larval settlement versus post-settlement mortality in the oyster Crassostrea virginica. Marine ecology progress series, 54(1): 61-73.

Riedel, Gerhardt, Sanders, J. G. and Osman, Richard W. 1989. Role of three species of benthic invertebrates in the transport of arsenic from contaminated estuarine sediments. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 134: 143-155.

Sanders, J. G., Osman, Richard W. and Riedel, Gerhardt. 1989. Pathways of arsenic uptake and incorporation in estuarine phytoplankton and the filter-feeding invertebrates, Eurytemora affinis, Balanus improvisus, and Crassostrea virginica. Marine Biology, 103: 319-325.

Zajac, Roman N., Whitlatch, Robert B. and Osman, Richard W. 1989. Effects of inter-specific density and food supply on survivorship and growth of newly settled benthos. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 56: 127-132.

Osman, Richard W. 1987. Interactions between the vermetid Serpulorbis squamigerus (Carpenter) and several species of encrusting bryozoans. Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, 111(3): 267-284.

Osman, Richard W. and Dean, T. A. 1987. Intra-and Interregional Comparisons of Numbers of Species on Marine Hard Substrate Islands. Journal of Biogeography, 14(1): 53-67.

Riedel, Gerhardt, Sanders, J. G. and Osman, Richard W. 1987. Effect of biological and physical disturbances on the transport of arsenic from contaminated sediments. Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 25: 693-706.

Sanders, James G. and Osman, Richard W. 1985. Arsenic incorporation in a salt marsh ecosystem. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 20(4): 387-392. doi:10.1016/0272-7714(85)90083-6

Osman, Richard W. 1982. Artificial substrates as ecological islands. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, : 71-114.

Day, RW and Osman, Richard W. 1981. Predation by Patiria miniata (Asteroidea) on bryozoans: prey diversity may depend on the mechanism of succession. Oecologia, 51(3): 300-309.

Osman, Richard W. and Haugsness, J. A. 1981. Mutualism Among Sessile Invertebrates: A Mediator of Competition and Predation. Science, 211(4484): 846-848.

Osman, Richard W., Day, J. A., Haugsness, J. Deacon and Mann, C. 1981. The Effects of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station on sessile invertebrate communities inhabiting hard substrata (including experimental panels): final report Hard Benthos Project, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara.

Osman, Richard W. 1978. The Influence of Seasonality and Stability on the Species Equilibrium. Ecology, 59(2): 383-399.

Osman, Richard W. 1978. Marine Ecology. Science, 199(4325): 170

Osman, Richard W. and Whitlatch, Robert B. 1978. Patterns of Species Diversity: Fact or Artifact?. Paleobiology, 4(1): 41-54.

Osman, Richard W. 1977. A Community for Communities. Paleobiology, 3: 238-244.

Osman, Richard W. 1977. The Establishment and Development of a Marine Epifaunal Community. Ecological Monographs, 47(1): 37-63.

Osman, Richard W. 1977. The influence of disturbance on local diversity, and biogeographic implications. Journal of Paleontology, 51: 19-20.

Osman, Richard W. 1975. Island biogeographic theory as a major principle for understanding marine epifaunal communities. Biological Bulletin, 149: 440